Mark Twain, whose real name was Samuel Langhorne Clemens, was a renowned American writer, humorist, entrepreneur, publisher, and lecturer. He was born on November 30, 1835, in Florida, Missouri, and grew up in the town of Hannibal on the western bank of the Mississippi River, which later served as the inspiration for his famous novels “The Adventures of Tom Sawyer” and “Adventures of Huckleberry Finn.” Mark Twain is celebrated for his witty and satirical writing style, and he is often referred to as the “Father of American Literature.”

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Personal Information

Full Name Samuel Langhorne Clemens
Nick Name / Stage Name Mark Twain
Born November 30, 1835, Florida, Missouri, USA
Died April 21, 1910, Redding, Connecticut, USA
Age 74
Gender Male
Zodiac Sign Sagittarius
Hometown Hannibal, Missouri, USA
Nationality American
Years Active Approximately 45 years
Marital Status Married
Husband/Wife Olivia Langdon
Children Four Children
Political Affiliation Independent
Alma Mater Did not attend college
Profession Writer, Humorist, Entrepreneur
Net Worth (approx.) $1 million
Debut “The Celebrated Jumping Frog of Calaveras County” (1865)
School Not Applicable
College Not Applicable
Education Qualification / Degree Not Applicable
Hobbies/Habits/Interests Reading, Traveling, Billiards
Favorite Clothing Brands Not Applicable
Favorite Gadgets Not Applicable
Food Habit Not Applicable
Awards Not Applicable
Notable Works “The Adventures of Tom Sawyer,” “Adventures of Huckleberry Finn”
Website N/A

Early Career

Mark Twain’s early career was shaped by his experience as a printer, journalist, and steamboat pilot on the Mississippi River. His passion for writing emerged during his time as a typesetter where he wrote his first published article in 1852. The launch of his writing career coincided with the emergence of the western frontier, and his travels as a journalist allowed him to observe the rapidly changing landscape of America.


Mark Twain’s educational journey was unconventional by today’s standards. He attended school sporadically due to his father’s death and the family’s financial struggles. At the age of 12, he left school altogether and began working as a printer’s apprentice. Despite his lack of formal education, Twain was a voracious reader and continued to educate himself through his wide reading interests.


Mark Twain’s career as a writer began in the mid-1860s with the publication of his first short story, “The Celebrated Jumping Frog of Calaveras County.” The story brought him national attention and marked the start of his journey into literature. Twain’s writing style was characterized by humor, satire, and social commentary.

In 1876, Mark Twain published “The Adventures of Tom Sawyer,” a novel inspired by his own childhood experiences in Hannibal. The book was a critical and commercial success, establishing Twain as a significant author. He followed this success with “Adventures of Huckleberry Finn” in 1884, often considered his masterpiece. The novel tackled serious issues such as racism and morality, cementing Twain’s reputation as a literary giant.

Contributions and Impact

Mark Twain made significant contributions to American literature, influencing countless writers with his distinctive style. His use of vernacular language in his works shaped the development of the American novel. Twain’s keen observation of the human condition and his willingness to address social issues set him apart as more than just a humorist.

  • Contribution 1
  • Literary Influence: Twain’s works influenced the next generation of American writers, including Ernest Hemingway, F. Scott Fitzgerald, and William Faulkner.

  • Contribution 2

  • Social Commentary: Twain used his writing to comment on the social and political issues of his time, particularly racism. His work continues to spark important discussions about race relations in America.

Awards and Honors

Year Award/Honor Description
1907 Honorary Doctorate Conferred by the University of Oxford
1920 Pulitzer Prize (Special Citation) For “The Adventures of Huckleberry Finn”

Personal Life

Despite his literary success, Mark Twain faced many personal challenges, including financial difficulties and the loss of loved ones. His marriage to Olivia Langdon was a source of great happiness and stability in his life. The couple had four children, one of whom tragically died in infancy.

Personal Traits

Trait Description
Personality Witty, Observant, Contrarian
Interests Reading, Traveling, Billiards
Hobbies Writing, Lecturing, Photography
Passions Social Justice, Free Speech, Education
Values Independence, Intellectual Freedom, Compassion
Quirks Interest in Science and Technology, Love of Cats
Fun Facts Took on the Pen Name “Mark Twain” as a River Pilot

Height, Weight, Body Measurements

Height 5 feet 8 inches
Weight N/A
Body Measurements N/A
Eye Color Brown
Hair Color Dark Brown
Chest Size N/A
Waist Size N/A
Biceps Size N/A
Height in Centimeters 173 cm
Height in Meters 1.73 m
Height in Feet Inches 5’8″

Scientific or Professional Career

Fields of Expertise Writing, Humor, Journalism
Institutions N/A
Contributions N/A


Mark Twain’s legacy is immeasurable. He not only left an indelible mark on American literature but also influenced the way we think about language and narration. His books continue to be studied in schools and universities, and he is often cited as one of the greatest American writers of all time.


In conclusion, Mark Twain’s life was a testament to the power of the written word. His ability to combine humor with profound insight has left readers captivated for over a century. Beyond his literary accomplishments, Twain’s advocacy for social justice and free speech resonates strongly in today’s world.

In summary, Mark Twain’s ability to capture the essence of American life through his writing is unmatched. His legacy as both a literary giant and a voice for change endures to this day.